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    Bothwell is known for its rich history, both pre- and post-European contact. People have been coming to this area over the past 12,000 years, first as nomadic hunters, now as residents of this crossroads community. Come in and explore the history of this little town called Bothwell and the people who make it our home. 


Sponsored by:   & Alertme   you are here: research grants > r01 > ca > developing > a > developing a computerized training tool for cryosurgery research topics cryosurgery freezing developing a computerized training tool for cryosurgery summary principal investigator: y rabin affiliation: carnegie mellon university country: usa abstract: cryosurgery is the destruction of undesired tissues by freezing. cheap viagra Despite the continuous development of devices and techniques for minimally invasive cryosurgery, modern cryosurgery frequently falls short of maximizing cryodestruction to the target region, while minimizing cryoinjury to the surrounding tissues. viagra soft tabs canada Here, one of the most significant difficulties - and probably the less intuitive obstacle to overcome - is the design and generation of a frozen region to adequately correlate with the shape of the target region and established criteria for cryosurgery success. This project focuses on medical training and education associated with planning and creation of the optimal 3d thermal field for cryosurgery, for the benefit of the surgeon, the medical researcher, and the clinical instrumentation developer. viagrawithoutprescriptiondwl.com A computerized training tool is developed in this project, the objectives being to shorten the clinician's learning curve, reduce practice time, enable case studies of "what-if" scenarios, and to enable revaluation of past clinical procedures via a cryosurgery database. buy viagra While the training tool is designed for general purposes, due to its high clinical relevancy, a particular attention is given to prostate cryosurgery. generic viagra price The training tool consists of three modules: database, simulator, and tutor;the development of each represents one specific aim of the overall research plan. The database consists of three types of datasets: (i) volumetric images obtained from an imaging device such as ultrasound, (ii) reconstructed 3d target region models, and (iii) surgical- procedure outcomes, subject to specific surgical parameters such as number and type of cryoprobes, cryoprobe layout, cryoprobe freezing capabilities, and the resulting temperature field history. generic viagra canada The simulator imitates the bioheat transfer process and its imaging with a standard ultrasound technique. Based on the simulated process, the tutor interactively guides the trainee to identify the optimal cryoprobes layout. The tutor may be used for planning future procedures or reevaluation of past cases, while further increasing the size of the database. other guys viagra pill Consistent with nih program announcement (pa) par-07-344 - in the specific area of "surgery and virtual tools"- this project integrates computational. online viagra pills boots the chemist x3d cost of viagra