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Paleo Archaic Woodland Historic

Late Paleo (8,500 - 7,500 B.C.)

    The major difference between Early and Late Paleo is based on the projectile point types. The Early Paleo period is distinct in that its tool kit includes an array of "fluted" spearheads made on high quality cherts that were selected for their appearance and how well they could be knapped into spearheads. The Late Paleo points lack the fluting or groove that the early people made on their spears. They did, however, continue using certain types of cherts, as well as added new "rare" or "exotic" cherts to their toolkit.

   The Late Paleo period can be subdivided into horizons based on the point types. These include:

            Holcombe (8,300 B.C.)

            Hi-Lo (8,100 B.C.)

These two horizons are the main subdivision within southwestern Ontario, but there is evidence that other people using unstemmed points similar to that of these two horizons were also located further south in North America, namely within the Midwest and Northwest of North America.

   Even less information is known about the Late Paleo as compared to the Early Paleo. The information known about these people is based solely on the very small remains of their toolkits that have survived over the past 10,000 years within our environment. These tool kits included tools very similar to that found within the Early Paleo. These tools suggest that the use of the land by these people as hunters and fishers continued until the end of the last Ice Age and the melting of the Wisconsin ice sheet for the last time, as which time, the land changed and so did the people.


Early Paleo Late Paleo

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