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Paleo Archaic Woodland Historic

Historic Period (A.D. 1650 to Present)

       The history of the First Nations peoples during the second half of the 17th century and the succeeding 18th century was one of wide-scale cultural displacement. The displacement of the Iroquoians from southern Ontario in 1649-51 and the Algonquin people from adjacent Michigan and Ohio resulted in a re-organization of the cultural landscape of southern Ontario towards the end of the 17th century. I was during this period that the Ojibwa established themselves in the region. The available natural resources also made the area attractive for hunting, fishing and foraging for plant foods. Maple sugar was also an important product during this period.

     At the time of the fall of New France in 1759, this region was occupied by the Ojibwa. The loss of the Thirteen Colonies in the American Revolution provided the British Crown with an incentive to expand settlement into what became Upper Canada in the 1790s. To that end, the Crown negotiated a series of treaties with the resident First Nations peoples.

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