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Paleo Archaic Woodland Historic

Early Woodland (900 - 400 B.C.)

    The Early Woodland Period is a continuation of the Late Archaic, with no significant changes in their hunting, fishing and gathering of plants and animals while living in small campsites. The only noticeable changes were in their tool types, from spears to arrowheads, and the introduction of pottery. The earliest of pottery, Vinette I, was constructed using clay coils, or long snakes of clay that was "coiled" or twisted around into the shape of a pot. Once pressed together and dried out over a fire, these pots were used to store food or cook food in. Before pots were introduced, the people cooked their food over an open fire, using heated rocks to cook their food with. What remains of this style of cooking are the bits of heat fractured or broken rocks known as Fire Cracked Rock. 

    During this period, the increasing elaborateness of burying their dead suggests that there may be an increased social and/or territorial tie to that place, maybe as a sense of "home" and belonging to that place. Certainly this tie had never been seen before within Ontario, but becomes very noticeable, especially in the choice of very special items they decided to bury with their dead.

Early Woodland Middle Woodland Late Woodland

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