Home The Beginnings 19th Century Black Gold Green Gold Teacher Resources Events Contact Us

Paleo Archaic Woodland Historic

Early Archaic (7,900 - 6,000 B.C.)

   Very few Early Archaic sites have been investigated within Southwestern Ontario, thus reducing the amount of information we currently know about these people. Based on the tool types recovered, the Early Archaic can be divided into three horizons:

            Side Notched Horizon (8,000 - 7,700 B.C.)

            Corner-Notched Horizon (7,700 - 6,900 B.C.)

            Bifurcate Horizon (6,900 - 6,000 B.C.)

Note, only a few side-notched and bifurcate points have been reported in Ontario. This may be due to a recognition problem in being able to identify the age of the site based solely on the tool kit represented. On the other hand, the corner-notched points are clearly represented in Ontario on various archaeological sites.

   The tool kit of the Early Archaic also consists of large, well-made knives that are triangular in appearance. Scrapers for cleaning hides or creating wood and/or bone tools are also found. These scrapers are also made from chert.

   One of the best documented Early Archaic sites is the Nettling site. It is an example of Corner-Notched Horizon, located in XXXXXX. The site was discovered by avocational archaeologist, Stanley Wortner during the 1960s.

Early Archaic Middle Archaic Late Archaic

Sponsored by:   &