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Paleo Archaic Woodland Historic

Archaic Period (7,900 - 900 B.C.)

    After the retreat of the Wisconsin Ice Sheet, southwestern Ontario was characterized by gradual warming temperatures and the migration northward by modern flora and fauna. As the ice sheets retreated, the water levels continued to rise and fall throughout this period, eventually creating the lakes, rivers and streams of modern day.

   This 7,000 year span of time is characterized, in general, by small seasonal camps, with small scattered finds related to a seasonal round of hunting, fishing and the gathering of wild plant foods. During this period, we see the introduction of woodworking tools, suggesting that these people were adapting to their changing environment by creating new types of homes, such as wigwams, and new technology, such as dug out canoes, into their lifestyles. These larger toolkits indicate that the Archaic were probably less nomadic, still roaming the land in search of food, but moving every couple of months instead of every couple of days.

   The Archaic period is subdivided into three major periods: Early (7,500 - 6,000 B.C.), Middle (6,000 - 2,500 B.C.) and Late (2,500 - 900 B.C.)

Early Archaic Middle Archaic Late Archaic


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